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Help for parents when children adapt to kindergarten.

 

From the first days of life the child in the family habits are formed, attachment, behavior, which is based on a dynamic stereotype, i.e. the system of specific responses of the body to consistently affect it stimuli.

To 2-3 years, the stereotype of the child’s behavior becomes quite stable.

To enroll in preschool at the usual conditions of life in the family (regimen, diet, climate, methods of education, character education) are changing.

This requires the child’s adjustment to pre-existing pattern, which is a very difficult task and often leads to stress. What does it mean?

In children in the period of adaptation may interfere with appetite, sleep, emotional state, sometimes the body temperature rises.

Some children experience a loss of the already established positive habits and skills. Loss of appetite, sleep, emotional state leads to decreased immunity, poor physical development, weight loss, etc.

What should parents do?

First of all, they need to pre-acquainted with the conditions of pre-school institutions, to bring to them the conditions of education in the family (regimen, diet, methods of education, etc.)

It is important to teach your baby to communicate with their peers (ask for a toy to share with their toy, to thank, etc.) need a positive set baby.

Parents should know that during the adaptation of the child may be Moody, irritable, it can worsen your appetite.

So, the knowledge of the characteristics of the adaptation period, factors affecting it, the combined efforts of parents and staff preschool can significantly help the child relatively quickly and painlessly to get used to the conditions of pre-school.

On what grounds can we judge that the adaptation period is over.

Objective indicators: deep sleep, good appetite, cheerful emotional state, full restoration of the habits and skills that active behavior and a corresponding increase in weight.

Recommendations for parents

Your child goes out of usual, customary lifestyle of the family in the new conditions of the kindergarten, in a large group of children, faced with unfamiliar adults – this is often difficult for the child. Adaptation – this adaptive response, check all the weaknesses of the child. Break down all body systems, there is a weakening of the immune system.

Why the success of adaptation? Of particular importance when the child in kindergarten has his physical training. The body of children of the first 3 years of life are susceptible to diseases and parents should temper their. To this end it is necessary to ensure the baby stay in the fresh air at any time of the year (up to 4-6 hours a day), to gymnastics, teaching your child to perform the available physical exercises to develop the skills of walking, running, throwing, climbing. An important means of hardening – air baths and water treatments. Due to the imperfections of thermoregulation kid can easily sweat if its too bathe, and this leads to cooling of the body and colds.

Too light clothing, not protecting from cold, in which the child goes chilly., can cause disease.

During the period of adaptation is necessary to ensure the kid a condition called “thermal comfort” by some insulation. Dress your child warm flannel blouse, tights.

Very important for the process of getting used to the routine of the child in the family, which should coincide with the mode of child care. It affects the physical and emotional condition of the child (it becomes balanced and calm. When expressed violations of the emotional state in the early days allowed the presence of my mother, which should help the child to get acquainted with adults and children.

Within the 1st week preferably in the morning to feed the child at home, and to bring to the kindergarten near the end of Breakfast. It is desirable that in the first 2-3 weeks of the day the mother came for the baby to the end of the walk, helped him undress, and he dined in her presence. At the end of lunch, if your child refuses to sleep in (1-2 weeks) the child should be laid on daytime sleep at home. In order to prevent fatigue and overstimulation of the day and night sleeping on the adaptation period can be extended for 1-1,5 hours. If the child is not sleeping in kindergarten, it is necessary that the baby was sleeping at home tonight. It is necessary to create a safe environment: to include a light pleasant music, a massage. At night you can give the child a tincture of Valerian, motherwort, vitamin C and vitamin A, B1, B2, lipoic acid, sodium orotate for 15 days. The experience of the child with others, obtained prior to kindergarten, determines the nature of its adaptation to the conditions of the kindergarten. Don’t limit his communication in the narrow circle of the family, leave the child’s home with relatives and friends, encourage him to play with his peers.

Support the child’s positive emotional state: perform all activities with the child without haste, in a quiet pace, avoiding the loud speeches of conflict. Teach your child to independently play with toys: to perform actions with the doll (feed, put to sleep, walk), machine (easy to carry bricks to unload), building material (building goals, track, etc.) and Encourage your child, maintain, direct to joint ventures (with you and with other children.)

A checklist for parents

Soon You along with Your kid will need to start a new life. The baby came into her joyful, sociable, Mature, want to offer a few recommendations.

· Try to create in the family a peaceful, friendly atmosphere.

· Set clear requirements for the child and be consistent in their presentation.

· Be patient.

· Build children’s self-help skills and personal hygiene.

· Encourage play with other children, expand your social circle with the adults.

· When a child talks to You, listen to it carefully.

· If you see a child doing something, start the “parallel conversation” comment on his actions).

· Talk to your baby in short bursts, slowly; in conversation call as many items as possible. Give simple and clear explanations.

· Ask the child: “What are you doing?” To the question “Why are you doing this?” he will answer when she grows up.

· Each day reading to your child.

· take Care that the child had a new experience: after all, summer – a great time for discovery!

· Exercise with your baby co-creative activities, play, sculpt, draw, and …

· Encourage curiosity.

· do Not skimp on the praise.

ETHICS AND PSYCHOLOGY of FAMILY LIFE
  This program is based on an experimental variant of the standard program “Ethics and psychology of family life”, M. 1982. Changes and additions to the program made by the…

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