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Communication as a condition of social adaptation and the formation of personality of a student with mental retardation

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Communication as a condition of social adaptation and the formation of personality of a student with mental retardation

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Abstract Communication as a condition of social adaptation and the formation of personality of a student with mental retardation

Introduction

In the conditions of transformation and further development of our society, the role and responsibility of families and schools in implementing comprehensive development of personality. The issues of education and upbringing of the younger generation, we solve a mainstream school and are before a special school for children with DSD and its graduates should be included in the sphere of material production and service of the population, due to the wide application of communication skills.

Communication with others has a significant impact on the formation of personality. Works of L. S. Vigodsky, research of the last two decades (L. I. Bozhovich, A. A. Bodalev, L. A. Leont’ev, B. F. Lomov, D. V. Elkonin, etc.) show that communication and developing in the course of interpersonal relationships play a Central role in the development of child’s personality. The education of abnormal children Continue reading

The Influence of parents on children

 

In one article all the subtleties of parent–child relationships to disclose. Today we will consider only how negative words, name-calling child with no ability to control your emotions affect humans in the future.

In fact, the influence of parents on children is difficult to assess. Since there are other authoritative adults, some idols in adolescents, books, all of which also lay much in person, then in the amount of impact on his values and behavior.

In psychology one experiment that no one dares to repeat. It was conducted on children orphans.

The children were divided into two groups. Those who are lucky enough and they were in the first group received approval and constantly praised them for any attempt to properly and competently to speak, and generally favored any statement. In the second group did not skimp on harsh word, but any hint of a speech impediment immediately condemned, child publicly humiliated, and even those who normally spoke, they were called “pathetic stutterers”.

According to the results of the experiment, children in the second group, which had no defect of speech become stutterers. The defect of speech is preserved in adult life. Continue reading

The Pedagogical communication. Stages and styles of pedagogical communication

 

Pedagogical communication is the interaction of teacher with students in the educational process, aimed at creating a favorable psychological climate, conducive to personal development . ( Functions of pedagogical communication: cognition, information exchange, organization of activities, the exchange of roles, empathy, self-assertion).

Styles of pedagogical communication and leadership

An important characteristic of professional-pedagogical communication style is. Style is individual-typological peculiarities of interaction of teacher and students. It takes into account the peculiarities of the communicative possibilities of the teacher, the level of communication between teachers and students, the creative personality of the teacher, especially student team. The style of communication of the teacher with children is a category of social and moral.

In pedagogical literature are the following styles:

Communication based on the passion of a joint activity. This type of communication is based on high professional and ethical attitudes of the teacher, it is a shared creative activity of pupils together with the teachers and leadership.

Communication based on friendship. Productive Continue reading